Like me, you may have an idea for a grabbing bizarre story but you’re not sure if it’s truly speculative fiction. Like me, you may not be sure what speculative fiction is. We’re not alone. When I read several articles, I also learned much debate surrounds what speculative fiction is or includes.
The definition changes over time as things and events that weren’t reality become reality.
·Speculative fiction is an umbrella genre.
·“What if” was mentioned in all the articles I read. The term meant a speculation beyond the normal “what ifs” found in other genres.
· The three most mentioned main genres under the umbrella are:
science fiction, and
arguments exist to get rid of any of these three.
Here’s a list of other genres or subgenres mentioned in more than one article:
magic realism, utopian, dystopian,
alternative history, apocalyptic,
paranormal as in ghost stories,
superhero, science fantasy,
weird tales, and urban fantasy.
These each showed up only once among the articles:
supernatural, cyberpunk, steampunk,
time travel, epic fantasy, soft fantasy,
space travel, creature, and surrealism.
To answer my question, Is my story idea speculative fiction?, I found this helpful from Sherry D. Ramsey’s article “About Speculative Fiction”:
“On the other hand, your story probably IS what we consider speculative if any of the following are true:
* it takes place in the contemporary world but adds fantastic or speculative elements
* it takes place in a past that is different from what is generally accepted
* it includes aliens
* it includes faery, mythical creatures, or invented species/races
* it includes magic
* it explores future technology or alternate technology
* it takes an existing scientific fact and extrapolates it beyond what is known
* it takes place on another planet or world
* it takes place in the future
* it includes characters with actual paranormal abilities such as telepathy
* it includes supernatural occurrences for which no logical or scientific explanation exists”
Annie Neugebauer has a diagram in her article,“What is Speculative Fiction,” that helped me, The diagram show how fantasy, historical, science fiction, and horror can overlap into speculative fiction. In her explanations, she lists subgenres in the overlaps. It’s worth checking out.
Also helpful was the article, “The Elements of Speculative Fiction,” from the blog, “The Coffee Stained Writer.” The article suggests I take out the “fantastic element” and if my story falls apart it’s speculative fiction.
Do you write speculative fiction? If so, tell us why you call it speculative fiction?
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Zoe, wonderful article! My story includes invented species. You know those syfy movies about abnormal animals? The genetically altered snakes, dinoshark, sharktopus, etc? I love those movies. So I thought why not write a story like that but make it a Christian romance. That’s how my story was born. A cluster of spiders engineered by the army, hidden by the army, until an earthquake releases them. And then the romance: he’s a small town sheriff, she’s an arachnologist. Defeating the spiders will be the easy part compared to facing Drake and her past. Great post, Zoe!
You have definitely asked yourself some what-ifs beyond those for other genres, Sally. I smiled about defeating the spiders being the easy part compared to the human problems.